My factory installed bilge pump (siphon system) stopped working and was allowing water to accumulate in the engine compartment (hull) of my Yamaha Waverunner. Below, I explain why the pump stopped working and how I fixed it for less than $10 saving more than $400 in parts and labor! Let's start with what I believe caused the problem...
I accidentally had the engine running while in shallow water with a rocky bottom. I heard pebbles get sucked up and blown out the back and immediately shut it off. Although I got lucky and didn't damage my impeller, the pebbles cut off the siphon tube that sticks out of the steerable nozzle at the back of the jetski (water exhaust).
I've read that water can flow back into the hull if the tube is damaged and as you can see in the pictures below, the damage was such that the water was doing just that. Unlike the newer PWC's, my 2008 model did not have a check-valve. Now that I think about it, I wish I had stuck a camera in there and taken it for a spin to video the leak - regardless, I fixed it.
Here is a picture of the new siphon tube which I replaced.
And here is a picture of the broken part, which some waverunner forums claim can cause water to enter the hull. The thin part to the right of the tube was sticking into the water stream and may have been allowing water to flow into the engine compartment. I've ordered a connector with a check value that prevents back-flow just in case this happens again and will document that when it arrives.
Why Water Enters the Jetski Hull
I'm big on waves and often they engulf the entire jetski, so I assumed that was why I was taking on water but at a loss as to why my bilge pump was not working correctly.
On my Yamaha VX100 Waverunner, I have a bilge pump with a hose to the jetpump that siphons the water from the engine compartment as it's moving through the water. The base unit is a simple white box with a screen which sits flush with the bottom of the hull. My first guess was that the screen or hose was clogged, so I removed the hose from the white box and ran water through it and it came out the back of the jetski as expected. I also cleaned the screen and ran water into the other end of the hose and had good flow into the engine compartment, so no problem there.
Then I learned that the missing siphon tube may be the problem (and once again, I have to give credit to Earnest at PWCforum.com - a wizard at all things Personal Water Craft!) and that's when I came to the conclusion the pebbles had damaged the hose. I set out to buy the replacement part from my local Yamaha PWC dealer only to find that you can't buy the siphon tube and instead need to purchase the entire jetpump Nozzle at a cost of $160. The mechanic said that the broken part pictured above is not supposed to come out. Below is a diagram of the entire bilge / siphon system.
If the hose (#7, #1) or filter (#13) is clogged, the factory bilge will not work.
How to Fix the Siphon Tube - Solution
You can't buy a replacement, so I had to make one and here is what worked for me.
- Purchase 1/2" O.D. x 3/8" I.D. Polyethylene tubing (WATTS SPIG15 from Menards 42141615 100 [email protected]
- Purchase 3/8" O.D. x 1/4" I.D. Polyethylene tubing tubing (WATTS MSPGE26 Menards 42141426) [email protected]
- Cut a section of 3/8" x 1/4" that's 4 inches long
- Cut a section of 1/2" x 3/8" that is .15 inches long
- Slide the 1/2" over and to the middle of the 3/8" tubing and permanently glue it in place and wait for it to dry - this keeps the tube from slipping though the water exhaust.
- Insert the new siphon tube you just made into the jet valve water exhaust, glue it (epoxy), and let it dry
- Reattach the rubber tubing as shown below
Another type of Siphon Tube for the Waverunner!
I have not tried this, but I have a hard plastic soda cup with a hard straw which you can buy from the dollar store - I noticed the molded stopper on the straw which looks like it would be perfect for a siphon tube replacement ;)
PREVENTING WATER FROM ENTERING THE HULL - CHECK VALVE!
The check value shown below was used to replace the old value which DOES NOT prevent water from being sent from a damaged siphon tube back into the engine hull! This is a no brainer, and you should purchase and install it if you don't have one already. Note: Mine is a 2008 Yamaha Waverunner VX1100 deluxe and from what I understand, the newer models have them. To check, simply pull it off, blow on both ends and if you have airflow from both, then you should consider a replacement. I paid $35 from eBay for the check valve - part number: Yamaha OEM JOINT HOSE 68N-5112T-00-00.
Installing an Electric Bilge Pump - Just in Case!
The fact is, water will get inside the hull of your jetski, and if you are hit by waves and can't move, the siphon bilge pump may not work! I decided to take this opportunity and install an electric bilge system that doesn't rely on the Waverunner moving through water to work. If water gets into the engine compartment, and the siphon system fails, this automatic system kicks in and does the job!
Because the siphon system doesn't require a pump, it can be flush with the bottom of the engine compartment (hull). The electric pump requires that you cut a 1" piece of wood at an angle (like a door stop (wedge)) so that the pump can be mounted level with the hull. Because of this, the pump sits much higher then the siphon system and you end up with water never being fully drained.
The two of them working together is perfect. The electric system kicks in when the siphon system if overloaded, and the siphon system drains the remaining water when it can.
I purchased an Attwood Sahara 500 Automatic Bilge Pump 12 VDC from Walmart for $39.33, used some 5/8 braided tubing to get the water from the pump to the hole I drilled at the back of the Waverunner.
When jumping small waves, the electric bilge pump may randomly turn on and off even though there is no water in the hull, so I installed a toggle switch to turn it off completely. If however, I'm hitting large waves that I know will get into the engine compartment, I simply flip the switch to turn it on. The last thing I need is to have the battery die out in big waves, especially on Lake Michigan!
Have any questions? Just leave a comment and I'll do my best to answer in a timely manner.